- An aircrfaft is in front of the hangar.
- The teacher stands in front of the students.
- The passenger in front of me smells bad!
- Park in front of gate 17.
Behind is the opposite of In front of. It means at the back (part) of something.
- When the teacher writes on the whiteboard, the students are behind him (or her).
- The flight engineer used to sit behind the pilots?
- The controller asked us to fly faster because we had an aircraft behind us.
Between normally refers to something in the middle of two objects or things (or places).
- There are mountains between Chile and Argentina.
- The number 5 is between the number 4 and 6.
- Taxiway Bravo is between taxiways Delta and Mike.
Next to / Beside
Next to and Beside mean the same thing. It usually refers to a thing (or person) that is at the side of another thing.
- Park next to the Air France 747.
- Guards stand next to the entrance of the airport.
- He landed beside meon the parallel runway.
- In Brasília there isn’t a footpath beside the road so you have to be careful.
On means that something is in a position that is physically touching, covering or attached to something.
- We made a mistake and landed on the taxiway.
- The stewardess put my food on the table.
- We waitn on taxiway foxtrot.
- We were told not to walk on the grass.
Above / Over
Above and Over have a similar meaning. The both mean “at a higher position than X” but above normally refers to being directly (vertically) above you.
- Planes normally fly above the clouds.
- There is a ceiling above you.
- We took off and climbed out over the city.
- Our neighbors in the apartment above us are really noisy.
Over can also mean: physically covering the surface of something and is often used with the word All as inAll over.
- There water all over the floor.
- I accidentally spilled red wine all over the passenger!
Over is often used as a Preposition of Movement too.
Under / Below
Under and Below have a similar meaning. They mean at a lower level. (Something is above it).
- The Landing gear is under the aircraft.
- Monsters live under your bed.
- A river flows under a bridge.
- How long can you stay under the water?
- we flew over the mountains and enjoyed the scenary below.
Sometimes we use the word underneath instead of under and beneath instead of below. There is no difference in meaning those they are less common nowadays.
Under is often used as a Preposition of Movement too.